An partial denture can be a good way to replace missing teeth. When remaining teeth are saved and a partial denture is installed, you will chew more comfortably and have a healthier mouth. This is a typical denture. Notice how the metal clasps fit around the anchor teeth and hold the partial denture in place.
A partial denture stops several problems. By filling in spaces, it stops
neighboring teeth from shifting. When missing teeth aren't replaced, it can set
off a chain reaction that might result in cavities and periodontal disease.
Partial dentures also help to balance your bite. This means better chewing and
a healthier jaw joint. And, partials add support to the cheeks and lips. This
support is necessary for clear speaking and proper facial appearance.
There are some disadvantages to a partial denture. The clasps sometimes show
when you smile. The bar across the palate can make tasting more difficult. It
may feel bulky and may cause you to gag at first.
Even when an partial denture fits correctly, food will collect under it
when you eat. It should be rinsed after every meal.
Over the years, as the partial is repeatedly taken in and out, it can wear
on the anchor teeth and even loosen them. And bone will continue to recede
in areas where the teeth are missing. This may mean that a partial will
have to be relined every few years for an optimal fit. Some temporary problems
are normal during the initial adjustment to an partial denture. At first,
it may tip when chewing, and there may be increased salivation. It may
feel bulky and cause gagging. The tongue will feel crowded, and you may
have difficulty speaking. As you get used to the partial, however, these
problems will diminish. With time and practice, the adjustment can be made,
and you can eat and speak with confidence.